5G Is Up To 90% More Energy Efficient Than 4G, Revealed Nokia And Telefónica

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The pace of the introduction of new 5G features accelerated in 2020, both in networks and devices, despite uncertainties caused by the covid-19

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Around a billion people are expected to be covered by technology this year

The deployment of 5G technology communication infrastructure aims to promote the development of innovative services, for both individuals and user companies, in various fields such as health, media, transport and even industries of the future. It can be inferred that the rollout of 5G networks is expected to result in a huge increase in traffic, hence some people are concerned about the risk of energy consumption increasing at the same rate. But a new study reassures that 5G networks are up to 90% more efficient in terms of energy consumption than 4G networks.

Research by telecommunications companies Nokia and Telefónica has focused on the energy consumption of the Radio Access Network (RAN) of Telefónica, the part of the telecommunications network that connects mobile devices to the network wirelessly. Over a three-month period, the two telecommunications companies studied the energy consumed per megabyte per second when data was transmitted over the network under 11 different traffic scenarios.

Using Nokia's AirScale range, including AirScale base stations and AirScale massive MIMO adaptive antenna solutions, on-site base station power consumption readings in various traffic load scenarios have been combined, ranging from 0 to 100%. Several hardware and software features that come with 5G have been found to be able to help save energy, so companies have concluded that 5G networks have energy efficiency per unit of traffic of up to 90% better than their 4G predecessors.

The faster speeds promised by 5G mean that the overall volume of data traffic will increase dramatically as networks continue to be deployed and their usage increases among consumers. Energy consumption could therefore increase with 5G networks, when less energy is required to transfer a comparable amount of data using 4G.

The current reality, according to the GSM association, is that the global energy use by the telecommunications industry must decrease, as the industry currently consumes between 2 and 3% of the world's energy. Many national governments are asking companies to adhere to energy reforms with the overall objective of reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, since 2014, by 30% in absolute terms until 2020 and by 50% until 2030.

If the study by Nokia and Telefónica highlights the ecological qualities of 5G in terms of data bits per kilowatt of energy, other challenges must be met, according to the study report.

While 5G is greener than previous technologies, further measures are needed


Although 5G is a technology natively greener than any previous generation of wireless technology, networks will still need to improve their efficiency and continue to reduce CO2 emissions. Contributing features found at radio base stations and networks, according to the study report, include 5G power saving features, small cell deployment and new architecture. and new 5G protocols.

Along with this study, Nokia and Telefónica are developing intelligent energy network infrastructure and energy saving functions based on artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning (ML), and collaborate to build 5G networks. ecological, according to a joint press release. In addition, both companies seek to limit global warming to 1.5 ° C, and Nokia aims to reduce emissions from its operations by 41% by 2030.

Our greatest contribution to meeting global challenges in sustainability is to offer solutions and technologies that we develop and deliver. We attach great importance to this,said Tommi Uitto, president of mobile networks at Nokia.

Around a billion people will be in 5G coverage areas until the end of 2020

While the reluctance to deploy 5G, based on the insufficiency of studies on the technology and the lack of real debates of the populations on the issue , the super-fast technology has reached more customers this year than expected and will cover around 60% of the world's population by 2026, according to a new report from Ericsson. This makes 5G the fastest mobile network ever deployed, the Swedish network giant said.

The pace of the introduction of new 5G features accelerated in 2020, both in networks and devices, despite uncertainties caused by the covid-19 pandemic. According to Ericsson, 220 million 5G subscriptions are expected until the end of 2020, of which 175 million are for China, or nearly 80%.

Ericsson cites three main factors that have contributed to the acceleration of the deployment of 5G: the arrival on the market of low-cost smartphones with 5G capabilities, some models costing no more than € 250; many countries have chosen the goal of installing 5G infrastructure with government support; and finally, competition between operators, eager to announce support for 5G to attract buyers of the latest smartphones. To date, more than 100 carriers have provided some degree of 5G coverage.

5G coverage will be extended to the point that one billion people will live in 5G coverage areas by the end of 2020 worldwide, This estimate represents about 15% of the world's population” said Patrick Cerwall, head of strategic marketing studies at Ericsso.

The year 2020 was supposed to be the year of the generalization of 5G. But the spread of the coronavirus has raised doubts about the extent of the technology's use this year. Theories have also emerged that have linked the coronavirus to 5G. Some mobile operators in European countries like Great Britain and the Netherlands have had their telephone antennas sabotaged in April because of this conspiracy theory. But this backdrop, instead of slowing down 5G, has in a way allowed operators to expand their networks faster, Ericsson data shows.

 

[Source 1]  [Source 2]

 

 

COMMENTS

BLOGGER: 4
  1. It is not by adding a network to the 4 other existing ones (GSM, 2G, 3G, 4G) that we will not consume less energy. As if these networks would suddenly disappear with the deployment of 5G. In addition, these networks use materials whose extraction has a significant environmental impact.

    Finally, extending a pipe has never lowered consumption. You just have to look at the roads. The more we enlarge them, the more cars there are to track them. The only way to limit our energy consumption on communications networks would be to stop their deployments in order to force the development of less energy-consuming software.

    In short, still good GreenWashing ...

    ReplyDelete
  2. How can he dare to come out of such studies when the very term "5G" is only commercial, absolutely not technical?
    To say that "5G" is more efficient than "4G" in terms of energy has absolutely no interest since the techno of "5G" will be added to other networks besides the standards / techniques attached to " 5G "are doomed to evolve in the more or less medium term by always adding more frequencies and therefore of antennas and consumption.
    In short, draw absolute conclusions on moving technos by grouping them under a trade name, it's not a big deal sometimes for a study "

    5G is up to 90% more energy efficient than 4G. Is this statement not exaggerated, in your opinion?

    Absolutely, especially since deployments in other countries have already shown the opposite (see China, Korea, USA, ...).

    Approximately one billion people will be in 5G coverage areas until the end of 2020.
    How do you comment on this finding of the Ericsson study?

    That the major part of the population of the countries "develop" city life and already have access to fiber .

    Finally, great tests on the part of the TelCo lobbies who push the 5G card to the full, without ever providing concrete & useful use cases.
    Honestly, France could have stayed at 2G (GSM) while building a national (public) FO network, it would have been much more sustainable and useful for everyone.
    There still make sense although the arguments "for" 5G ring hollow.

    ReplyDelete
  3. as said in the previous posts:
    "It can be inferred that the deployment of 5G networks is expected to result in a huge increase in traffic, hence some people are concerned that the power consumption may increase at the same rate. But a new one study reassures that 5G networks are up to 90% more efficient in terms of energy consumption than 4G networks. "
    That is to say that there will indeed be an increase, but only 10%, according to the above summary. What about the non "RAN" part.
    "Nokia and Telefónica have focused on the energy consumption of the Radio Access Network (RAN) of Telefónica"
    We will remain optimistic, and assume that the study is not oriented, and that the 4G equipment studied is comparable in quality, range, and representativeness in terms of global deployment ... that we do not compare not the exception in short.
    "The two telecom companies studied the energy consumed per megabyte per second (MB / s) when data was transmitted over the network"
    And what about when there is no data to transmit? ... what does the term "data" include in this study? -> the timestamp sync? the positioning ? ping and presence signaling?

    An important point is overlooked by the study on energy efficiency, which is supposed to be "scientific".
    -> if the energy efficiency is up to 90% higher than 4G, this statement is true between a single antenna and a terminal.
    If we take into account the whole system, namely all the antennas required for the same number of terminals, this efficiency remains higher, but is much lower.
    A 5G antenna has a higher throughput at the cost of a shorter range, thus requiring a denser mesh. Low load antennas consume less than when they are saturated in bandwidth, but remain active and therefore consume permanently. This is not a question of antennas limited to 100 mW, but to hundreds of Watts.
    The evolution in energy efficiency may consist in the implementation of several "activity levels" / de_veille, like the frequency of a graphics card ... which they name generically " energy saving functions ”, AI and machine learning would then be used to define when this intelligence is really relevant, and to what degree to apply it.

    Passive consumption is a real problem in our society, which is only growing ... it is energy that only serves to keep the devices available and responsive ... a single device present in the neighborhood and the The antenna is awakened ... even without the need for "communication" (for humans), data is transmitted to signal its presence, provide information on the quality of reception (network bars), synchronize the time ... result, the antennas are never on standby.

    ... and that's without counting the passive consumption of TVs / monitors which are turned off, and not unplugged, PCs, chargers, microwaves, ovens, etc.

    ReplyDelete
  4. if 5G consumes less for the same amount of data yes. (I don't know if this is really the case or if it is stat hacking because 5G it seems to me requires more antennas and I do not trust a 5G manufacturer (Nokia) it's like a tobacco manufacturer who says that cigarettes are not carcinogenic)

    the whole network consumes as much as it is used or not and the addition of 5G adds consumption but in the long term 2G / 3G / 4G networks will disappear, in the long term we should therefore consume less but not in 2020 I agree, I imagine that 4g should be dismantled around 2040.

    this is without taking into account the new needs / services and the addition of new devices connected to 5G, well in the end in fact we risk consuming more even if 5g consumes less than 4G

    ReplyDelete

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Simturax Tech Blog: 5G Is Up To 90% More Energy Efficient Than 4G, Revealed Nokia And Telefónica
5G Is Up To 90% More Energy Efficient Than 4G, Revealed Nokia And Telefónica
The pace of the introduction of new 5G features accelerated in 2020, both in networks and devices, despite uncertainties caused by the covid-19
https://1.bp.blogspot.com/-DYyehN0vC1o/X83-cuUi2YI/AAAAAAAAChk/X_mnQbEket4WjtdMH668sLDqjgQ7q4TsgCLcBGAsYHQ/w400-h400/5G-logo.png
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Simturax Tech Blog
https://www.simturax.com/2020/12/5g-up-to-90-percent-more-energy-efficient-than-4g-revealed-nokia-telefonica.html
https://www.simturax.com/
https://www.simturax.com/
https://www.simturax.com/2020/12/5g-up-to-90-percent-more-energy-efficient-than-4g-revealed-nokia-telefonica.html
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